Europe before Eurono ©       Europe before Euro
United Kingdom


United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland
     Map   
Population :
(1995)
58.300.000 (density 239 ; surface 243.600 km2)
Capital : London (6.900.000)
Internet : UK domain, also GB domain
19.360.000 people on the Web (32,53%) (May-00) (Nielsen NetRatings)
Referrer : (davidal@baseng.comm.mot.com)


Currency : Pound Sterling (GBP)
£1 = 100 pence
1 Euro = xx pounds

OUT OF EUROSTART 01/01/2002
Banknote serial number reserved for future use= J
Coins : £5 (extremely rare), £2 (rare), £1, 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
New, smaller 5p and 10p coins have been introduced in 1990 and 1992, respectively and the old 1 shilling/ 5p coins are no longer valid (and the 2 shillings/10p coins are being phased out now).
Paper : £50, £20, £10,£5, £1 (scottish),
Other historical banknotes
Scottish and English notes are used interchangeably esp. in Scotland
Authority : Bank of England
UK Treasury
London Stock Exchange
Financial Service Authority
Banks : Informations from Portalino Fantalinks
JP Morgan
Ulster Bank
Others : Bloomberg News
Computer Weekly
Computing Services & Software Association of the United Kingdom
Project Euro
EBN
European Bond Commission of EFFAS
EmuNet
Montgomery, Tursa & Konur
Statistics
TTE Tourismus Team Europe

GSM :
Operator System Start Subscribers
01/03/2000
% of growth
last year
Cellnet Gsm 1/94 7.118.000* 82
Vodafone Gsm 7/92 7.815.000* 76
One-2-One Dcs-1800 9/93 4.637.000* 119
Orange Dcs-1800 4/94 5.682.000* 137
*= estimate ; source= Mobile communications 25.252.000

UMTS :
Number of operators 5
Process of allocation auction
Pubblication of the assignment procedure 1. trim. 2000
Assignement of the licenses 2. trim. 2000
Service startup 01/01/2002

ATMs :
Cirrus at Midland Bank, Lloyds Bank, and others..
Plus at the Halifax Building Society,Post Office Girobank, Abbey National Building Society, and others
Visa (ATM Locator) in nearly every single bank.
Yes, plenty of ATMs at Heathrow and Gatwick.

Credit
Cards :
Accepted everywhere.
Access/MasterCard/Visa/AmEx/Diners for charges higher then UK£5
Travelers
checks :
Easy to cash at any bank. There are often charges...
Scottish
notes :
      The 'Bank of England' is a part of the U.K. government. Scottish banks are independant companies. Their right to continue producing currency goes back to the formation of the United Kingdom in 1707.Scottish notes are issued by 'Bank of Scotland', 'The Royal Bank of Scotland' (AKA The Royal Bank) and 'Clydesdale Bank'. ATMs will almost invariably give you Scottish notes. If you ask nicely and explain you are leaving Scotland, Shops will happily swap the Scottish notes for English ones. Small shops may be unable to do this for large sums. 'The Royal Bank of Scotland' still produces £1 notes. These are used in preference to coins in Scotland and are the most difficult to use in England. In Northern Ireland 'The Bank of Ulster' issues notes under similar regulations to the Scottish banks. Scottish notes are recognized for exchange at U.K. rates throughout the EEC (in theory - don't risk it if you can help it). Note that there are also Northern Irish notes. Further on the Isle of Man and the Channel Isles (Jersey and Guernsey) they have their own coins and notes. These coins and notes can or can not be accepted in the remainder of the UK but it is best when you leave from these parts of the country to have English coins and notes only.

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