Europe before Eurono ©       Europe before Euro
Netherlands


Netherlands Koninkrijk der Nederlanden     Map    
Population :
(1995)
15.900.000 (density 455 ; surface 32.409 km2)
Capital : Amsterdam (720.000)
Internet : NL domain,
4.500.000 people on the Web (28,47%) (Feb-00) (ProActive)
Referrer : (pas@cc.gatech.edu, jon@lindy.Stanford.edu, barryb@tuke.sk)


Currency : Dutch Guilder (NLG or fl or f) till 28/01/2002
1 NLG = 100 cents
1 Euro = 2,20371 guilders (fixed on 31.12.98)

FIXED VALUES AGAINST NLG
31.12.1998
100 NLG
reverse exchange
DEM
88.7517
112.674
100
FRF
297.661
33.5953
100
ITL
87864.4
1.13812
1000
ESP
7550.30
1.32445
100
BEF/LUF
1830.55
5.46285
100
ATS
624.415
16.0150
100
FIM
269.806
37.0637
100
PTE
9097.53
1.09920
100
IEP
35.7382
2.79812
1
GRD
15462.5
0.646723
100
 
 


Number initial banknotes (mln) 659
Number initial coins (mln) 2.800
Serial letter P

Eurokit - number (mln) 16
Eurokit - value EUR 3,88
Eurokit - national value NLG 25

National money validity 28/01/2002
Change in banks 31/12/2002
Change coins in centr.bank 01/01/2007
Change banknotes in centr.bank 01/01/2032

500 EUR value NLG 1.101,86
Biggest banknote NLG 1.000
Biggest banknote value EUR 453,78

Coins : 5c, 10c, 25c, 1G, 2.5G, 5G
Paper : 10G, 25G (2 types, one being phased out) 50G and 100G, 250G and 1000G (almost never accepted in shops)
Prices contain any number of whole cents, but the sum of your purchases is rounded to the nearest 5 cents.
Also banknotes for propagand.
Other historical banknotes
Authority :
De Nederlandsche Bank

Dutch Ministry of Finance
Dutch National Forum
Amsterdam Stock Exchange
Banks : Informations from Portalino Fantalinks
ABN Amro Bank
Bank Nederlandse Gemeenten
Fortis
Friesland Bank
ING
Postbank
Rabobank
Others : Y2K Solutions
Statistics
TTE Tourismus Team Europe

GSM :
Operator System Start Subscribers
01/03/2000
% of growth
last year
Kpn mobile Gsm 7/94 3.656.429 65
Libertel Gsm 9/95 2.368.000* 80
Telfort Gsm/Dcs 10/98 570.000* 356
Dutchtone Gsm/Dcs 1/99 450.000* 1185
Ben Dcs-1800 2/99 385.000 n.a.
*= estimate ; source= Mobile communications 7.432.429

UMTS :
Number of operators 5 (only national)
Process of allocation auction
Pubblication of the assignment procedure 03/07/2000
Assignement of the licenses 2000
Service startup 01/01/2002

ATMs :
      Can be found nearly everywhere. There are 2 'types' of ATM. ATM found at/near post offices ("Giromaat") and ATM found at/near banks. The ATMs at banks can be used by bankaccountcards, EuroCheckCards (also from foreign European banks) and (but not always) credit cards. Most ATM take MasterCard, very few take Visa (ATM Locator), even fewer take American Express cards). You pay a small fee (about f 1 to f 2) when using them in the evening and/or weekends when using it with a bankaccountcard. ATM found at post offices can be used by holders of an account at the "Postbank". No international cards are accepted there.

Points of
Arrival :
      Schiphol airport: in the arrivals hall (outside customs) there is one machine that accepts MasterCard. This machine also accepts Cirrus cards. There are other ATMs in Schiphol which accept, among others, MasterCard, but do not indicate they accept Cirrus.
      At the train station, there is one for American Express cards. I found no ATM accepting Visa. Amsterdam: MasterCard ATM are all over downtown: look for the ABN/AMRO bank machines. The only Visa ATM in the city center is at the VSB Bank by the flower market. It is possible to get a cash advance from the GWK office with a Visa.
Credit
Cards :
      Eurocard/MasterCard mainly followed by Visa and Diners club. A lot of shops don't accept them (yet) but more and more shops do. However, don't expect to use them in supermarkets. All gas-stations and most restaurants will accept them.
Travelers
checks :
      Thomas Cook. AmEx
Foreign
exchange :
      Everywhere you go there seems to be a "change bureau". Expect rates to be favorable to them (no wonder so many seem to stay in business). They also change a commission on top of the exchange rate. In April 1993, the spread to exchange USD was about 10%,and typical commission was about 3.50 NLG. GWK offices seems to charge a little lower commission for small amounts. Some of the "change bureaus" will process cash advances on Visa/MasterCard. Note that banks close earlier than shops (some banks close at 15.30) and are closed on Saturdays.

mixed by Netzapping Europe